Pre-Hispanic City of Teotihuacan

11 Apr

Pre-Hispanic City of Teotihuacan

Teotihuacan is an enormous archaeological site in the Basin
of Mexico, containing some of the largest pyramidal structures
built in the pre-Columbian Americas. Apart from the pyramidal
structures, Teotihuacan is also known for its large residential
complexes, the Avenue of the Dead, and numerous colorful,
well-preserved murals. At its zenith in the first half of the
1st millennium CE, Teotihuacan was the largest city in the
pre-Columbian Americas. At this time it may have had more than
200,000 inhabitants, placing it among the largest cities of the
world in this period. The civilization and cultural complex
associated with the site is also referred to as Teotihuacan
or Teotihuacano. Although it is a subject of debate whether
Teotihuacan was the center of a state empire, its influence
throughout Mesoamerica is well documented; evidence of
Teotihuacano presence,if not outright political and economic
control, can be seen at numerous sites in Veracruz and the
Maya region. The ethnicity of the inhabitants of Teotihuacan
is also a subject of debate. Possible candidates are the Nahua,
Otomi or Totonac ethnic groups. Scholars have also suggested
that Teotihuacan was a multiethnic state. The city and the
archaeological site were located in what is now the San Juan
Teotihuacán municipality in the State of México, Mexico,
approximately 40 kilometres (25 mi) northeast of Mexico City.
The site covers a total surface area of 83 km² and was designated
a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1987. It is one of the most
visited archaeological sites in Mexico.

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Posted by on April 11, 2010 in Mexico


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